Federzoni, Luigi

   Born in Bologna, Federzoni became the leader of the Italian nationalist association in 1910, which campaigned for Italian colonial expansion. Together with Enrico Corradini, in 1911 Federzoni founded the influential weekly L’idea nazionale, in which he published a famous attack on freemasonry in April 1913.
   Federzoni became a parliamentary deputy in 1913 but nevertheless enrolled in the armed forces in 1915. In 1922 he became minister for the colonies in Benito Mussolini’s first government. Following the disappearance of Giacomo Matteotti in June 1924, Federzoni was one of four ministers who resigned from Mussolini’s government, publicly requesting that the Fascist leader seek “national conciliation.” Afew days later, however, Mussolini made Federzoni minister for the interior, a post that he was forced to resign in 1926 after public criticism following two attempts on Mussolini’s life, which made his position untenable. He was minister for the colonies once more until 1929.
   Federzoni held several prestigious offices in the 1930s. He was president of the Senate from 1929 until 1939, editor of the Fascist literary periodical Nuova antologia, and, from 1938, the president of the Accademia d’Italia. A member of the Fascist Grand Council, he was one of 19 Fascist leaders who signed the motion put by Dino Grandi asking King Victor Emmanuel III to resume his powers, thus isolating Mussolini who, on the same afternoon (25 July 1943), was put into “protective custody” by order of the king and, after provisional imprisonments, was incarcerated on Gran Sasso in the Abruzzi mountains. After the ex-Duce was liberated (12 September) by German commandos and established in the northern city of Salo, a half-dozen of the Grandi motion signers were tried for treason, Federzoni among them. He was condemned to death but managed to flee to Portugal. For his role in Fascism’s rise he was sentenced to life imprisonment after liberation in 1945 but was amnestied, and after a period of exile in Portugal and Brazil, he returned to Italy. He spent the last two decades of his life peacefully writing his memoirs. He died in Rome in 1967.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Federzoni, Luigi — (Bologna 1878 Roma 1967) crittore, saggista e giornalista, direttore de “La Nuova Antologia”; accademico d’Italia …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Federzoni — Federzoni,   Luigi, italienischer Politiker, * Bologna 27. 9. 1878, ✝ Rom 24. 1. 1967; Journalist, 1910 Mitbegründer der nationalistischen Bewegung in Italien. 1913 wurde er Abgeordneter in der Kammer. Als Ratgeber König Viktor Emanuels III.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Luigi Federzoni — (27 September 1878, Bologna, Italy – 24 January 1967, Rome, Italy) was a prominent twentieth century Italian nationalist and later Fascist politician.Federzoni was born in Bologna. He endorsed Italy joining World War I on the side of France and… …   Wikipedia

  • Luigi Federzoni — (* 27. September 1878 in Bologna; † 24. Januar 1967 in Rom) war ein italienischer Politiker vor und während der Zeit des Faschismus. Federzoni war 1910 einer der Mitbegründer der Associazione Nazionalista Italia (ANI), die sich an der Seite von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Federzoni — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Luigi Federzoni (1878–1967), italienischer Politiker Odone Federzoni (* 1934), italienischer Volleyballspieler Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luigi Luiggi — (Genova, 3 de agosto 1856 – Roma, 1 de febrero de 1931) fue un político e ingeniero italiano. Fue diputado de la XXVI Legislatura del Reino de Italia, por el grupo nacionalista, en 1921, y fue nombrado senador de la XXVII Legislatura del Reino de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Liste der Biografien/Fe — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fascism —    Contemporary Italian history is dominated by the Fascist ventennio (20 year period), when Benito Mussolini led a dictatorship characterized by single party rule, a pervasive, would be totalitarian state, a cult of violence and war, and… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890 — The Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890 is a reference book by Philip Rees, on leading people in the various far right movements since 1890.It contains entries for what the author regards as the 500 major figures on the… …   Wikipedia

  • Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946) — Not to be confused with Kingdom of Italy (medieval) or Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic). Kingdom of Italy Regno d Italia ↓ …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.